L2-G: Place and Time particle 2

In this article we will look at the usage of particle ~에서 to mark a place and time.

We have looked at the usage of particle 에 in denoting place and time.  Now we will look at how ~에서 differs from 에 in marking the place and time.

How it works:

 1) As a place particle

     (a) “from” a place

      For example:  Minji comes from Korea.

      Firstly like usual, we think of the ending : 와요. to come

      The place where Minji comes from is Korea (한국).

       Thus we attach the particle 에서 to Korea to mark the location.

       [한국에서 와요. comes from Korea]

       Putting Minji as the topic of our conversation,

       [민지는 한국에서 와요. Minji comes from Korea ]

    (b) Denote the place where an activity (verb) takes place

       For example: Minji studies at the library.

       In this situation, we have an activity/verb (studying) that is taking place

      at a location (library).

       Contrast this to the usage of 에 where its use for static location

       or a destination.

       Whenever the place mention is the place where activity takes place,

        use 에서 and not 에.

        Thus in this example, let’s start building the sentence from the ending.

        [공부해요. to study]

         Putting the location where the activity takes place and marking it,

         [도서관에서 공부해요. studies at the library]

        Who are we talking about?

        [민지는 도서관에서 공부해요.  Minji studies at the library

2) As time particle

     (a) “from” a time

        Its similar to the usage of 에서  as “from a place”.

        For example: Minji studies from 2 o’clock at the library.

         The ending for this sentence would be “to study”

          [……공부해요. to study]

         Where did Minji study? Note, the library is place where activity takes place

         Therefore we must use 에서 to mark this place instead of 에.

         [ ……. 도서관에서 공부해요. Studies at the library]

        Now for the time: Minji studies from 2’oclock.

         2o’clock = 두 시

         So adding the particle 에서  to denote the time from which Minji studies,

         […두 시에서 도서관에서 공부해요. Studies from 2 o’clock at the library]

         Finally completing the topic of the sentence.

         [민지는 두 시에서 도서관에서 공부해요.]

        ^ Minji studies from 2 o’clock at the library.

Try it yourself:

1) Translate the following to korean:

  • JinWook eats breakfast at the school cafetaria.
  • I watched television since 5 o’clock. [use past tense form of “to watch” 보다+았어요 = 봤어요]



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