## L2:Numbers

In this article we will spur out the words for both Korean numbers and Sino-numbers. You’ll need to know both system because they are use in different manner.

Honestly, this will be a torturing process. Sino-korean numbers are easy because you just have to know the basics of 1-10 and also 100, 1000, 10000. But for Korean numbers, they have different terms for the tenths which makes my head whirls even more.

Korean numbers:

Korean numbers are used often to count for things that have smaller quantities not more than 99 cause that’s the max you can count with korean numbers.

 하나 1 둘 2 셋 3 넷 4 다섯 5 여섯 6 일곱 7 여덟 8 아홉 9 열 10 스물 20 서른 30 마흔 40 쉰 50 예순 60 일흔 70 여든 80 아흔 90

How it works: Exactly like English.

Eg. If 24 is twenty four in English,

In korean ‘twenty” is 스물 and ‘four’ is 넷.

Thus 24 = 스물넷

Sino- numbers:

Sino-numbers are develop on Chinese numbers that’s why you call them Sino. They are used to count bigger quantities stuff.

 일 1 이 2 삼 3 사 4 오 5 육 6 칠 7 팔 8 구 9 십 10 백 100 천 1000 만 10 000

How it works: Exactly like English

Eg. 132 is one hundred and thirty two in English.

In korean, 100=백     30 =삼십     2=이

Thus    132 = 백삼십이

Eg. 379 is three hundred and seventy nine in English.

In korean, 300=삼백     70 =칠십     9=구

Thus    379 = 삼백칠십구

Note: Unlike English, chinese numbers count 5 digit numbers by the ten-thousand (10 000) not by the thousands (1000)

Thus a number like 23456 :

20000=이만   3000=삼천  400=사백  50=오십  6=육

23456 = 이만삼천사백오십육

Leading to a number like 200 000 [which is 20 x 10 000]

to be pronounced as 이십만 . and not 이백천 (english equivalent of two hundred thousand)

Side tips:

• the number 0 is often said 영 except when reading out telephone number it is said as 공.
• In reading telephone number, read the individual Sino-number as it is. However, where there is a hypen (-) it is pronounced as 에.  Eg. 234-567 is 이삼사에오육칠.
• When used with counters (ie like two months, the counter is month) the usage of korean numbers or Sino-korean depends on the counters. One big indication is whether the counter is korean or sino-korean word. For example month is 달(korean) and 월 (Sino-korean which means moon). Thus if use with 달 the number used is korean numbers and if used with 월 the numbers used will be Sino-korean.

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