L1-G: Contraction

This article will cover how to contractions that happens when one vowel comes successively after another vowel.

Contraction doesn’t happen everytime a vowel comes after another vowel successively. It happens mostly for the ending especially using the ~아/어요 , ~았/었요  etc.

Let me explain what i mean by two successive vowels with an example:

Contraction occurs if the first word ends with a vowel and the next word starts with a vowel.

     Eg.  주 + 어 => 줘

     ^ 주 ends with a vowel ㅜ and the preceeding word starts with vowel 어.

        Contraction occurs for the ㅜ and ㅓ thus ㅝ.

But NOT: 

  • eg.  먹 + 어 (Though second word starts with a vowel, the first word does not ends with a vowel)
  • eg. 자 + 꾸  (Though first word ends with a vowel, the second doesn’t starts with one)

The guidelines:

  1. ㅏ + 아 = ㅏ
  2. ㅏ + 여  = ㅐ
  3. ㅐ + 애 = ㅐ
  4. ㅣ + 어 = ㅕ   (exception to 시+어 =세)
  5.  ㅜ + ㅓ = ㅝ
  6.  ㅗ + ㅏ = ㅘ
  7.  ㅡ + ㅓ = ㅓ
  8. ㅡ  + ㅏ = ㅏ

Try it on your own:

-highlight to see answer-

1) 가 + 아        [가]

2) 자 + 아       [자]

2) 크 + 어       [커]

3) 밖 + 에      [밖에 (no contraction-first word doesn’t end with vowel)]

4) 많 + 아      [많아]

5) 가까 + 우   [가까우 (ㅏ +ㅜ which has no contraction)]

6) 보 + 았      [봤 (contraction occurs between ㅗ and ㅏ and the ㅆ preceeding ㅏ is combined)]

7) 하 + 였      [했 (contraction between ㅏ n 여. the ㅆ preceeding ㅏ is combined)]

8) 갈 + 래     [갈래 (no contraction-first word end with consonant)]

9) 바 + 오      [바오 (ㅏ+ㅗ no contraction. ONLY ㅗ + ㅏ contracts to ㅘ)]

10) 바보          [바보 (no contraction)]

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